C4 is a Proud Sponsor of the Conquering Cancer Campaign

The C4 CRE is a proud sponsor of the Conquering Cancer Campaign, a social impact communications initiative that celebrates the efforts made to eliminate cervical cancer around the world. Eliminating cervical cancer will be one of the greatest achievements in the history of global health, rivalling the end of polio in terms of shear impact on humankind,according to Professor Ian Frazer.

To achieve the dream of conquering cervical cancer, we must first share this remarkable story through a compelling global narrative that engages, educates and inspires decision-makers worldwide to prioritise elimination and empower them to take action now.

While great strides are being made towards global elimination, there are still 600,000 cases of cervical cancer recorded annually and more than 300,000 women continue to die from the disease every year. The vast majority of women diagnosed with cervical cancer live in low – middle income countries.

To eliminate cervical cancer, leaders need to recognise that it is feasible in all countries. Our collective voices must join the call-to-action by the World Health Organization and urge for widespread introduction and up-scaling of HPV vaccination for young girls everywhere; access to cervical screening for every adult woman; and proper treatment and care for all women diagnosed with cervical cancer.

The Conquering Cancer Campaign will amplify the achievements of countries where elimination is imminent and encourage decision-makers in other nations to advocate for change and urgent action. This wave of awareness will strengthen the existing movement to eliminate cervical cancer. The campaign is supported by strategically-aligned organisations and their members, who will engage decision-makers worldwide, and promote action by introducing vaccination, screening and treatment programs.

The Conquering Cancer Campaign also speaks to women across the globe, especially those aged between 30-65, by helping to raise awareness about cervical cancer and reducing barriers to preventative measures, including cervical cancer screening and HPV vaccination of children.

Over 18 months – starting from September 2020 to April 2022 – Moonshine Agency will create, release, promote and publicise a series of original films, photographs, stories and visual communications in 10 languages. These will be well-told, feel-good success stories, balancing human-interest and cutting-edge health innovations.

Success looks like a global groundswell around the vision of conquering cervical cancer, which will put every country on the pathway to elimination. Because a woman’s chance of being diagnosed with cervical cancer shouldn’t depend on where she resides.

You can support the campaign by:


C4 Continues work on HPV Screening in Malaysia with colleagues from the University of Malaya

In November 2019, Adam Keane from Cancer Council NSW visited Malaysian colleagues at the University of Malaya. They discussed plans for a modelled evaluation on the impact of a national HPV-based screening program in Malaysia, based on the success of the Project ROSE (Removing Obstacles to cervical ScrEening) trial. He also gave a talk on previous modelling work by Cancer Council NSW. Pictured are Prof. Chiu Wan Ng from the University of Malaya on the left and Adam Keane on the right.

Increased HPV vaccination, screening and treatment access in the world’s poorest countries could save over 62M lives in the next 100 years

Australia has led by example and played an integral role in informing this focus on elimination of cervical cancer around the world

The World Health Organisation (WHO) is developing a plan to eliminate cervical cancer globally, and two new studies published today in Lancet estimate the potential benefits. The studies, led by Cancer Council NSW, Université Laval and Harvard University working with the World Health Organisation, have found that over 74 million cervical cancer cases and 62 million deaths could be averted over the next 100 years if 78 of the poorest countries in the world are able to rapidly scale up HPV vaccination, cervical screening and access to cancer treatment services. This follows last year’s Cancer Council NSW paper, which found that global elimination of cervical cancer is possible by the end of the century.

The two studies focus on 78 low and lower-middle income countries (LMIC) which bear the largest cervical cancer burden, located in East Asia & Pacific, Europe & Central Asia, Latin American & Caribbean, Middle East & North Africa, South Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa. In these countries, combining vaccination of girls with twice-lifetime cervical screening and improved access to invasive cervical cancer treatment was predicted to reduce cervical cancer incidence by 97% and mortality by almost 99%, and avert over 74 million cervical cancer cases and over 62 million deaths in the next 100 years.

These figures rely on three targets being met in these countries by 2030: 90% of girls being vaccinated against HPV, 70% coverage for twice-lifetime cervical screening with HPV testing, and 90% coverage for treatment of preinvasive lesions and invasive cancer.

Adjunct Professor Karen Canfell, Director of Research at Cancer Council NSW and Adjunct Professor at the University of Sydney, who co-led both studies, said, “These results will inform the global strategy to achieve cervical cancer elimination, which is being reviewed by WHO’s Executive Board next week and which will be considered by countries at the World Health Assembly in May 2020.”

“Cervical cancer causes over 300,000 deaths worldwide each year, yet the evidence shows it could be eliminated as a public health issue.”

“Australia has been at the forefront – through being the first country in the world to establish an HPV vaccination program and the shift two years ago to a new National Cervical Screening Program based on HPV testing. It is a great example of the government and nongovernment sectors working together and has positioned Australia to take a leading role globally.

“Our goal is a cancer-free future and this study shows that it can be done, for a cancer that causes hundreds of thousands of deaths each year throughout the world.”

Previously, Cancer Council NSW researchers have found that Australia is set to be the first country to eliminate cervical cancer, by as early as 2035, through successful implementation of a combined approach to vaccination and screening. However, this is not the case elsewhere around the globe. Cervical cancer is still the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide and the leading cause of cancer death in 42 countries, including some of the world’s poorest countries, for example those in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2018, the large majority of the 570,000 new cervical cancer cases worldwide occurred in women living in LMICs.

“While Australia has one of the world’s lowest cervical cancer rates, we still have a long way to go to achieve our elimination goal – globally and in Australia,” Professor Canfell said.

“Given that over 90% of cervical cancer deaths occur in less-developed regions, these countries must be our first priority for implementation of HPV vaccination programs, high coverage cervical screening, and establishing cancer treatment services. This will help alleviate the enormous global inequities with the burden of this devastating disease.

“In Australia, we can build on our successes and further reduce cervical cancer deaths by at least 20%, by supporting the renewed screening program and reaching priority populations – particularly Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and others who screen at low rates and face cultural and economic barriers to services.

“Everyone can get behind our push for a cervical cancer free future, from individuals who can engage in the screening and immunisation programs and health professionals checking their patients are up to date with screening and vaccination, to policy makers and collaborators who can drive this agenda globally.”

You Can access the studies by clicking on the titles below:

Mortality impact of achieving WHO cervical cancer elimination targets: a comparative modelling analysis in 78 low-income and lower-middle-income countries

Impact of HPV vaccination and cervical screening on cervical cancer elimination: a comparative modelling analysis in 78 low-income and lower-middle-income countries

Call to Action - Towards the Elimination of Cervical Cancer in the Pacific Islands

C4 CRE team members Marion Saville, Julia Brotherton, Andrew Vallely, and Deborah Bateson met with key organisations in Suva, Fiji on 5-6 December 2019 and agreed to a Call to Action on the global target to achieve elimination of cervical cancer as a public health problem, (below), noting the current high burden of cervical cancer in the Pacific and the current lack of adequate vaccination, screening and treatment there.

L-R: Andrew Vallely, Julia Brotherton, Marion Saville, and Deborah Bateson

Meeting Delegates in Suva, Fiji on 5-6 December 2019

Call to Action – Towards the Elimination of Cervical Cancer in the Pacific Islands

Delegates from the following countries and organisations met in Suva, Fiji on 5-6 December 2019 and agreed the Call to Action below:

Delegates from Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Kiribati, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji and Samoa together with representatives of the Pacific Society for Reproductive Health, Papua New Guinea Obstetrics and Gynaecology Society, Fiji Obstetrics and Gynaecology Society, Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Cervical Cancer Prevention in the Pacific, The Pacific Community (SPC), VCS Foundation, Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, Kirby Institute at the University of New South Wales, Family Planning Australia, Australian Cervical Cancer Foundation, Fiji Cancer Society, Fiji National University, University of Otago, National University of Samoa and Victoria University. Also present were representatives of the United Nations Population Fund and the United Nations Children’s Fund.

We agreed to the following principles:

  1. We support the global target to achieve elimination of cervical cancer as a public health problem, noting the current high burden of cervical cancer in the Pacific and the current lack of adequate vaccination, screening and treatment.
  2. In line with the World Health Organization (WHO) draft targets for 2030, in the Pacific our targets are:
    1. 90% of girls are fully vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV) by 15 years of age.
    2. 70% of women have had an HPV screening test between 30 – 39 years of age and a second HPV test between 40 – 49 years of age[1].
    3. 90% of women identified with cervical pre-cancer and cancer have received appropriate treatment and care
  3. We support the principles of equity in striving for the elimination of cervical cancer in the Pacific so that no woman or community is left behind.
  4. We support the principle of meaningful collaboration between Pacific Island nations in planning, procurement and knowledge sharing.

We are committed to the following actions:

  1. Raising awareness of cervical cancer in the Pacific and its impact on families and communities and strengthening advocacy for elimination.


  1. Exploring funding options including public-private partnerships for ongoing HPV vaccination in the Pacific.
  2. Urging Pacific Island governments to include HPV vaccination against HPV onto existing immunization schedules.


  1. Urging Pacific Island governments to transition to the delivery of effective cervical cancer screening with HPV testing and pre-cancer treatment services.Consideration should be given to self-collection of vaginal samples in order to facilitate scale up and acceptability.


  1. Urging cooperation between Pacific Island Governments to establish a treatment centre for cervical cancer, including radiotherapy, to act as a referral hub within the Pacific.


  1. Assisting Pacific Island governments and training agencies to develop an essential workforce for the delivery of HPV vaccination, cervical cancer screening and the management of cervical cancer.

Registry establishment:

  1. Assisting in establishing an adequate registry to record information about vaccination, screening and treatment for the prevention of cervical cancer; and with potential linkage to a cancer registry. This will facilitate follow-up of the young with incomplete vaccination and women through the screening pathway.  It will also enable robust monitoring and evaluation of vaccination and screening program performance.


For more information, please email/call any of the following:

Professor Alec Ekeroma, HOD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand. E: alec.ekeroma@otago.ac.nz

Professor Marion Saville, Executive Director, VCS Foundation, Melbourne, Australia. E: msaville@vcs.org.au

Professor Andrew Vallely, Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Goroka; and The Kirby Institute, UNSW Sydney, Australia. E: avallely@kirby.unsw.edu.au

Dr Steven Badman, Public Health Interventions Research Group, The Kirby Institute, UNSW Sydney, Australia. E: sbadman@kirby.unsw.edu.au

Clinical Associate Professor Deborah Bateson, Medical Director Family Planning NSW, Australia. E: deborahb@fpnsw.org.au

Professor Diana Sarfati, Head of Department, Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand. E: diana.sarfati@otago.ac.nz


[1] These two tests should be 10 years apart.  Clinically validated PCR based tests should be used.


Papillomavirus Research Special Edition

This special collection consists of a series of reviews summarizing some of the key insights presented and discussed at the 32nd International Papillomavirus Conference (IPVC) and Asia-Oceania Research Organization in Genital Infection and Neoplasia (AOGIN) 2018, which was held in October 2018, in Sydney Australia. The conference was held at a pivotal moment for the International Papillomavirus Society, AOGIN and for HPV research: it came hard on the heels of the announcement by the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) that cervical cancer elimination was within reach and that WHO would focus on the development of a draft strategic plan for elimination.

You can find the special edition here.